Types and sizes of hard drives

Today, new laptops are put on 250-500 gigabytes of discs, and on the most powerful models designed to be used as a full-fledged home or work computer, the disk can have a capacity of 750 GB or even 1 terabyte.

But buying a second-hand laptop, you can get a 100GB disk and even less. It all depends on the year of release. A hard drive from the laptop

Another promising version of hard drives for a laptop, it’s solid-state – SSD (solid state disk). The data here are recorded not on rotating discs covered with a layer of ferromagnetic material, but in flash memory chips. That is, formally this is no longer disks, but large, fast and expensive flash drives. But they are still called inertia by disks. We will do the same in our series of articles. After all, from the point of view of everyday use, the disk is there or not quite a disk – it does not matter much.

How to recover data from hard disk? Come to our official website.

But what matters is the volume and price. Solid state drives are on average more expensive than HDDs, and they contain less data. If you find yourself in a store (or on the Internet) an inexpensive laptop that has a staggering capacity drive – as much as 8 or 32 GB – then you are most likely dealing with SSDs. If the manufacturer had put a storage device of more or less decent size there, then from the low-cost category this device would immediately pass to the category of non-expensive ones.

However, production technologies are continuously developing, the capacity of SSD-drives is growing, and prices are declining. So it happens that you do not have time, you can be happy with a profitable purchase, how you immediately start tearing your hair on your head, that hurried, did not wait half a year and did not spare a thousand or two or three …

Information for consideration: one digital photo can be from half a megabyte to several megabytes (depending on the number of megapixels of your camera or smartphone), a music mp3 file with a medium-length composition and decent quality – 3-5 MB, a film from several hundreds of megabytes (mediocre quality) to one and a half gigabytes (DVD quality) and even over a dozen gigabytes (HD-video). One program can take from several hundred kilobytes (as a 7-ZIP archiver) to several hundred megabytes (as a package of Microsoft Office programs). This is so you can estimate and estimate the size of the disc you would like.

 

What parts does any laptop consist of?

There are other important components on the motherboard: graphics card – a device that processes the digital code and converts it into a video signal and transmits it to the screen; a sound card responsible for the reproduction and recording of sound; a network card for connection to computer networks; a network card for wireless communication of different standards, allowing laptops without additional wires to connect to other computers, wireless printers, mice and keyboards, as well as access the Internet.

For a laptop to be able to make sounds, it is usually supplied with a pair of small speakers built into the screen frame. It is clear that the speakers produce this sound, and for better playback you can connect headphones, external speakers, or connect it to the home music center. We can help you with repair or replacement fo any laptop’s parts. You only need type in google electronic repair places near me

You’ll see our website on first google page.

The cover has a built-in microphone for sending or recording sound, as well as for chatting with buddies via the Internet. And next there is also a camera, which will allow you to transfer the interlocutor not only sound, but also video, and at the same time take some pictures and shoot some video clips. Of course, most laptops (and even tablets, too) have weak cameras, the quality is so-so (therefore, we write “some”). But the smart phones have better cameras. Sometimes, and quite decent cameras come across.

Usually on the side, on the cover of the optical disc tray, is the button for opening it (as a rule, the drive supports CD, DVD and Blu-ray formats). True, the lightest and thin laptops do not concern this – they do not put optical disc drives on them. But on the market there are external drives that connect to one of the connectors, which on the laptops are ponatykany in large quantities – and behind, and on the sides, and sometimes in the front.

The connectors come in a variety of sizes and shapes so that you can attach various additional devices to the computer: an inkjet or laser printer (for printing text or photos), a smartphone or a digital camera (for transferring digital photos to a computer), a flash drive (for data transfer), external speakers or headphones, an external monitor or TV, a portable hard drive, a wireless modem and other useful devices.

Next, we will analyze each of the components of the laptop in more detail and start what the processor is.

The main types of laptop failure: continuation

7. Malfunction of the motherboard. Symptoms are as follows: unstable work of the laptop, expressed in frequent hangs, spontaneous reboots, falling off external ports, etc. The reason, most often, is banal: the laptop is flooded with liquid or broken off one of the external ports, trying to insert a connector into it. Learn more

This is the most expensive type of laptop repair (of course, based on a breakdown – the replacement of a capacitor is not an expensive repair). Almost all the components on the motherboard can be “removed” only with the help of a soldering station, and the board needs to be heated both from below and from above (otherwise the board will be deformed, the structure of the internal tracks will be broken, etc.), and when installing the chip it is important not to overheat. Attempts to repair the laptop motherboard itself are almost a guarantee of buying a new one.

8. Hard drive failure. This problem can also manifest itself in different forms. Including both the inability to boot the system, frequent hangs, low data read speed, audible crackles, etc. The cause may be shaking the laptop while the hard disk is working (for example, when the transport stops abruptly). Say, in our practice there was a laptop ASUS, the BIOS of which was so so original that it was not booted if there were logical malfunctions on the HDD.

Without HDD, the laptop started normally, but with the disk, when turned on – the black screen instead of the BIOS splash screen and everything. With this problem, you can manage by removing the HDD and reading the information on another computer. The difficulty of removing a hard disk depends on the design of a particular device – often for this you have to disassemble the entire laptop.
Also keep in mind that the case of an inexpensive laptop, the so-called “budget”, is usually more difficult to disassemble than the top model case.

9. Laptop overheating is the most common problem. Is manifested in a sharp decline in productivity. Occurs may be due to several reasons: contamination of the ventilation systems of the laptop; failure of RAM or internal memory of the processor itself; work laptop in a bag. For qualitative cleaning of radiators, again, it is necessary to disassemble the case of the laptop.

10. Faults or damage to external ports (most often USB). It is shown that the port does not work or it does not work correctly. As a rule, the reason for this is the malfunction of the south bridge – the chip, which synchronizes the frequency at which the peripheral devices operate, with the clock speed of the motherboard. Either this is the result of a careless attitude of the user, resulting in mechanical damage to the connector. Repair of ports refers to the repair of the motherboard of the laptop with all the ensuing complexities and risks.

11. Memory failure – overheating, oxidation of contact pads. This is a fairly rare malfunction, in which the laptop either constantly hangs and produces a so-called. “The blue screen of death,” or not at all. You can change RAM either yourself – expensive lap-tops are provided for this purpose – but you can also aggravate the problem if you did not correctly diagnose the malfunction. For example, you made a mistake with the “diagnosis”, installed a new memory, turned on the laptop and – smelled the smoke: something that did not have time to burn out last time.

12.Recovering the video card. With this problem in most cases, the laptop stops working at all. It happens in notebooks with discrete (built-in) video cards, on which the video memory chips are located one above the other and above the video processor. As a result of this construction, the chips are heated to such an extent that the solder melts and fills the legs of the video processor or the processor simply slips off the pads, which leads to an imminent closure. To fix the problem, you need to do the same thing as when replacing the processor. The only difference is that the processor does not need to buy.

13. Damage to the loop with which the LCD matrix is ​​connected. This malfunction is indicated in the blinking of the image when the angle of the screen is changed or when the bars appear on the display. The cause can be mashing the loop, its closure on the body or bad contact.

The main types of laptop failure

1. Keyboard failure – do not work or keys fall out. As a rule, these are the consequences of impacts and bays with various fluids. You can buy and replace the keyboard yourself, but you should be careful with trains and connectors.

2. The battery is not charged. The laptop continues to run on battery power, but it does not charge. Or it does not turn on at all. The most common cause is the power surges in the network (the power adapter is faulty, the battery itself is faulty, the internal power connector is broken, problems with the motherboard). Do not try to repair yourself! Most often, the repair consists in replacing the multicontroller (a hefty chip) and trying to repair the battery by yourself will only increase the total cost of the repair.

3. Battery failure. It appears in the reduction of battery life (in some cases, reaches 5-15 minutes) when the battery is fully charged.

4. Fault in CD and DVD drives. It is shown that the drive can not read some or all of the disks. The reason may be the use of poor-quality discs, dustiness and, as a consequence, overheating of the laser head. In order to remove the drive, most often, you have to disassemble the laptop body completely. Basically, the repair of the drive is reduced to replacing the laser read-write head. You need to remove it, determine the type-brand-model, order (you’re not a repair company to have the spare part in stock), and put it in its place. In general, it is easier to buy a new one, or, again, to give the unit to the service.

5. Malfunction of the backlight inverter or the backlight lamp itself. It appears as a dim screen – the image is almost invisible. Occurs as a result of frequent use of the laptop with increased brightness of the display. Is amenable to self-repair – you only need to find, order or buy – if you find where – the inverter or lamp and remove the display frame. The frame should be removed very carefully, you will break it – it will be very difficult to buy a new one.

6.Mechanical damage to LCD matrix. Occurs as a result of careless operation of the laptop – as a rule, the top cover does not withstand the loads and bends, breaking the matrix. It should be noted that, like repairing the motherboard, repairing the matrix is ​​quite expensive. This is mainly due to the high cost of components. As a rule, repair of a laptop with such a defect is reduced to replacing the matrix. However, ordering a matrix, if you do not order accessories on a permanent basis, can become quite a troublesome business. If the matrix on the hands, the main thing is not to break the case of the laptop when disassembling and not to spoil the connectors of the loops.

We provide laptops and other electronics repair in Cincinnati

To be continiued

What you need to know about video cards?

A video card is usually an additional fee that plugs into the slot of your PC’s motherboard, what is the motherboard you can read here. The cheapest graphical solutions, which require only 2D or work under Windows, are often integrated into the motherboard’s chipset. Modern video cards boast an impressive list of features and specifications, which are increasing year by year.

Marking of Nvidia
The company Nvidia decided in the new year to change the marking of video cards. First of all, the marking of video cards of the ninth series will be changed – the new video cards will be designated as G1xx. The G1xx series will be assigned to budget and mid-range video cards and mid-range cards.

The Nvidia G130 will replace the 9600 GSO and 8800 GS video cards that have already been discontinued, and the Nvidia G100 and G120 will be released in exchange for the currently produced 9400 GT and 9500 GT, respectively. In addition, Nvidia plans to release this year new video cards of the upper price category, which will be labeled as GTX2xx.

The truncated variants based on the NVIDIA-LE or HT graphics chip; such systems have a reduced clock speed of the video processor. Reducing the TS (Turbo Cache) from NVIDIA means an even slower solution that uses the computer’s RAM.

What does the letter G mean in the name of NVIDIA graphics cards
The letter G in the name of video cards NVIDIA means that the card belongs to the lowest price segment, GT – to the middle, GTX – to the higher.

ATI marking
In the designation of the video card model, attention should be paid to the letter abbreviations at the end: the truncated versions based on the ATI graphics chip are denoted by the letters CE or XL; such systems have a reduced clock speed of the video processor. Reducing the HM (Hyper Memory) from ATI means an even slower solution that uses the computer’s RAM.

How to fix laptop‘s video card.

MSI video card marking
Microstar graphics cards are labeled as NX8800GTX-72D768E-HD-OC.
The first two characters of NX or RX indicate the developer of the graphics processor (NVIDIA or ATI). Next comes information about the model GPU – 8800GTX or 2900XT. After the dash – a description of video inputs / outputs, memory size, cooling system and external bus. M – HDMI interface, T – TV-out, V – video input (VIVO), D – one DVI output, 2D – two DVI outputs, numbers – video memory, E – PCI Express interface (if no letters, the board has an AGP interface ), H – radiator type passive cooling system, Z – passive radiator cooling system with heat pipes, HD – HDCP support. OC symbols at the end mean that the board has higher frequencies compared to the recommended processor of the processor.

ASUS video card marking
ASUS graphics cards are marked with the type EAH2900XT / HTVDI / 512M. The first character indicates the type of interface: E – PCI Express, with AGP the letter is missing. Next is the type of graphical interface, for example, H2900XT or 8600GT. The first “/” is followed by the video I / O information: T – analogue TV output, D – DVI output without HDCP 1.1, V – analog video input, H – analog HDTV-out, R – 3D glasses, I – HDMI , P – DVI-output with support for HDCP 1.1. After the second “/” the information about the video memory is indicated (512M – 512MB)

Gigabyte video card marking
Gigabyte graphics cards have the marking type GV-NX88X768H-RH. The first letters GV indicate the manufacturer (Gigabyte). The next letter indicates the developer of the GPU: N – NVIDIA, R – ATI. The letter X indicates that the board has a PCI Express interface. The next few characters contain information about the name of the graphic processor of the video card.

For example, 88X means that the board is based on the GeForce 8800 GTX, 85T – GeForce 8500GT, 155 – Radeon X1550, 29T – Radeon HD 2900XT. After the name of the GPU, information about the use of TurboCache and HyperMemory-TC or HM technologies can follow. The next two or three digits – information about the amount of video memory (in our case 768). Next comes information about video inputs and video outputs: D – DVI-out, V – video input and TV-out (VIVO), H – HDCP support.

Leadtek video card marking
Leadtek boards are marked with WinFast PX8800 GTX TDH. WinFast means belonging to the Leadtek product line. PX – PCI Express interface, A – AGP interface. Sometimes before the symbols PX you can find the word Duo, meaning the presence of two graphics processors on one board. Next comes the name of the GPU: 8800 GTX – GeForce 8800 GTX. Next comes information about the inputs / outputs. Symbol T – TV-out, D – DVI-out, H – HDTV support.

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Choose a laptop for programming

If you choose a laptop and are faced with a variety in the market and do not know what you need – this article will help you figure it out.

Just remember that the universal advice on what should be a laptop for development is not. You still have to choose, we will only help to guide your choice in the right direction.

Also this article will be useful if you can put an imaginary tick next to the following statements:

– You are a web developer (or learn)

– Your new laptop will be your main machine

Compactness
Think about how often you need to change the location in which you work. If you’re used to sitting in one place, then a 15+ inch screen will not be a big hindrance.

If mobility is important, you should think about more modest diagonals of 12-13 inches, which are guaranteed to fit in almost any backpack and will be easier.

Most likely you will not need a version like 2 in 1 with a removable keyboard with a touchscreen. In compactness and convenience, you do not win much, and battery life is likely to suffer.

Display
Most budget laptops have a screen of 1366 x 768 pixels with very mediocre picture quality. Most likely your eyes will not like the work for such a monitor for ten hours in a row.

Trendy 4K displays are an expensive excess. In the work it will not help you in any way, and the battery life time will decrease due to the gluttonous screen.

Anyway, the screen in FullHD resolution of 1920 × 1080 with a quality IPS matrix will be the best option, here it is better not to be stingy.

And, of course, pay attention to the viewing angles.

CPU
As with the display, it’s better not to be greedy. In most cases, i5 or i7 from Intel with a frequency of 3 GHz will be enough.

RAM
Hardly anyone can have enough of a working machine with less than 4 gigabytes of RAM, but it’s better to take care of the option, at least, in 8 gigabytes. And if you have some spare money, think about investing in 16 gigabytes of RAM.

Inner memory
This item is entitled this way, not “HDD” or “Hard Disk”, because it’s time to think about SSD. Speed ​​is important in work, both in searching on the disk and when the system boots, and the SSD in the read / write speed has long outstripped the magnetic heads. In addition, even budget versions of solid-state drives have a service life comparable to HDD.

As for roominess, then here it is possible. More is better. You should start with at least 256 gigabytes, if you can afford it, then 512. And if you have the money after investing in 16 GB of RAM, you can buy at the same time an SSD for 1 TB. Excess will not be.

Keyboard
You will have to use a lot of keyboard, as you probably guess. So it’s important that you feel comfortable and pleasant to print. Be sure to press the buttons before buying. As for the species, it’s a matter of taste. Someone likes clear pressures and echoes of mechanics, someone needs a small stroke and ease of pressing.

Battery
This moment is more important for those who plan to work for a long time without external sources of energy. But please note that the laptop battery has a stated running time of at least 6 hours.

It will not be superfluous to buy the appropriate sites with reviews and forums before buying and read that owners of such cars write about the quality of the battery.

operating system
For the most part, this article is written for Windows users, since they have the biggest choice.

If you are thinking or used to MacOS, then you have a small choice among several recent models of Pro MacBooks with different options for configuring the hardware.

If you are interested in comfortable work under Linux, some manufacturers (for example, Dell) produce high-quality machines with pre-installed distributions.

Discrete or integrated graphics?
The video card is not so important for development on the web, as a good SSD or a large amount of RAM. It’s better to save on the built-in graphics and invest in something more necessary. If you need service your laptop in Cincinnati, visit us – Electronics Repair.

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9 Steps To Make Your Old Personal Computer Work As New (part 2)

OK, let’s continue our review of computer and laptop service.

Step 3: Stopping the program does not start at startup

When you install most applications on your computer that the application believes that this is one of the most important applications, and so it sets itself to automatically start when the computer does. Typically, this is normal, until a large number of applications are installed, and they all try to start when Windows starts.

These applications must fight for system resources and slow down the loading of Windows. Very few of these applications must be running before launching, and you can always start them later after the computer is running. Below is a video blog that shows you how you can turn off applications from running at startup. Make sure that you only turn off the application when you know what they are. Do web search if you are not familiar with the program you are considering removing from startup.

Slow computer loading is usually one of the main factors that lead people to a new computer, but this is not the fault of the computer that is slow for Windows. It’s all a loading application at the same time as Windows.

Step 4: Start Windows Update

Even if you can use the latest release of Windows (Windows 7 is the most recent at the moment), you can not be running the latest version of Windows. Microsoft is constantly working to improve Windows, fixing security problems, known bugs and improvements to how the operating system works. If you do not regularly run applications for Windows Update, you may be missing out on these updates, some of which can eliminate the problems you are experiencing with your computer.

Checking for updates for Windows is easy. All you need to do is click the Start button, then All Programs, then Windows Update, and then follow the instructions to check for updates. For more detailed instructions for checking for updates, please visit the Microsoft website.

Step 5: Update the drivers of your computer

A computer consists of many different individual pieces of hardware. Each of these hardware parts needs a piece of software (called a driver) that allows that hardware to work with Windows. When you buy a computer, you usually buy it with all the latest installed drivers, so your hardware works fine with Windows. Over time, however, hardware manufacturers release new drivers when making changes to Windows, so your hardware always runs smoothly. Although Windows has a driver update utility, it does not notify you of all updates and there is no easy way for you to figure out which drivers are obsolete that Windows does not find.

Driver Reviver offers a free scan to show you which of your drivers are out of date. Below the video shows how the application does this. After scanning, you can take the time to go and find the drivers yourself and install them or for $ 30. Driver Reviver will automatically download and install them for you.

Step 6: Start Disk Cleanup

Disk Cleanup is a free utility offered by Windows that will help you remove unnecessary and temporary files from your computer. This will help you free up valuable space on your hard drive. Running this utility once a month is a good idea to help clear up files that you no longer need, and reduce clutter and disk fragmentation.

Disk Cleanup is easy to use and can be found by clicking the Start button, then All Programs, then Accessories, then click System Tools, and then click Disk Cleanup. Follow the instructions to delete the files that you no longer want on your computer. Typically, it is safe to remove downloaded program files, temporary Internet files, trash, temporary files and thumbnails.

Step 7: Uninstalling the Browser Add-ons

We spend a lot of time using a web browser compared to PC users of the past. We use web browsers to work with e-mail, music, news and so on. Unfortunately, because we spend so much time using web browsers, many companies now create browser add-ons that take up valuable real estate and often change browser settings such as the home page, search for a vendor and other parameters that usually should not be changed. Spend some time to view the add-ins installed on each browser, and delete those that you do not use. Deleting them will restore the default browser settings and tend to improve browsing performance.

Step 8: Run the Windows registry scan

9 Steps To Make Your Old Personal Computer Work As New (part 1)

Maintenance is the last thing on your mind when you buy a new computer, for a good reason: your new computer should be able to handle everything that you throw at it!

Unfortunately, it is this mentality that leads to a general situation with PC users: slow and can not be used by a computer, well before the computer expiration date.

Many people think that this is just normal, and that the normal life cycle for the computer is under 2 years. This is not the case! We want to help people get more life out of their computers, so we developed this list of steps that anyone can follow to bring their computer back to peak performance. Follow these tips in the order and your computer will work like new! We hope that you will find these steps valuable!

Here is a list of steps to create your old PC to run like new; read below for more details on how to perform each of them.

Nine-Step ReviverSoft Plan

Secure PC
Remove unnecessary applications
Stopping the program does not start at boot time
Start Windows Update
Updating the drivers of your computer
Running Disk Cleanup
Removing the Browser Add-ons
Run the Windows registry scan,
Defragment your hard drive
Below is each step in order of execution, with detailed information on how to perform each of them no matter what version of Windows you have.

Step 1: Protect your computer

How to do this you can watch in our facebook page – https://www.facebook.com/Electronics-Repair-Cincinnati-334626130374166/

Before you get started, trying to fix all the problems on your computer and run the necessary maintenance, first make sure that there are no security problems on your computer, such as viruses or malware. Some malware and viruses can cause serious performance problems. You will not be able to remove them using the typical methods of uninstalling the software, so it’s always better to use a reliable and authoritative security application.

ReviverSoft recommends two applications; one carries costs, and the other is free.

Norton Internet Security has a decade-long reputation for bloating your computer’s belly and making it slow and difficult to use, but over the past few years it was actually the exact opposite of this. Norton now uses few resources and provides the level of security that has made this the choice of editors among the security software reviewers.

Our free recommendation is Malwarebytes Anti-Malware. Malwarebytes has long been a favorite security application for technical personnel (we even heard stories where technical support from people from other security recommend Mawarebytes to their customers). The application is known for its ability to detect almost all malware.

Download and run one or both of these applications, and then run a scan system for each one to make sure that your computer has not been compromised.

Step 2: Remove unnecessary applications

Over time, when you use a computer for various purposes. You can use it to develop something, play games and music, chat with friends, burn CDs, record music or any number of other things. You need an application for each of these purposes. Quite often, you can install something and use it only once, or you can use it for a short period of time, and then stop using it. Each application installed on your computer takes up space, can run in the background while you use your computer, and many even make your computer start slower. That’s why we recommend that you uninstall any application you do not use.

Windows makes it very easy to uninstall the application. We have a great article on how to remove the software from your computer.

It always feels great to throw things that you do not need, and the same is to remove applications that you no longer use. Be ruthless! You can always go back and download the application later, and if it’s a long time between uses for a particular application, then most likely the update is needed before you can use it again anyway and the update can only take as long as Download All this. Read more in the next post.

Do you need electronics repair Cincinnati? Visit our service!

Stress Test for Video Cards and Aida64 Program (part 2)

After an in-depth inspection for breakdowns, you should proceed to a software test. There are already many more things that affect performance.

The best (and time-tested) way to make a video card a hot day is the Aida64 program (formerly Everest). This is a comprehensive solution for system improvement, physical monitoring and software analysis at different levels, temperature sensors. But stress tests deserve special attention.

We are interested in the video card, so in the context menu of the program it is necessary to go into the Service and select the GPGPU Test:

The context menu of the program Aida64
Next, a window will open where you need to uncheck the processor name and leave it in front of the video card. Note the abbreviations:

The GPU is a Graphics Processing Unit (graphics processor, that is, a graphics card);
The CPU is the Central Processing Unit (the central processor that is installed in the center of the motherboard).

Uncheck
Next, the Start Benchmark button is pressed, and the results of the health check are evaluated according to your knowledge in this matter.

If no errors appear during the check, then at least with it everything is in order. But this test does not heavily burden the system, but rather gives more professional information about the operation of the video card. What, then, should an ordinary user do? Usually he types in Google: electronic repair service near me

Of course, a stress test. In the Service tab, select the System Stability Test:

Stress test
It is necessary to remove the tick from all points except the GPU, and click Start. A couple of minutes will be enough to check how strong your video card is, and how much it can withstand.

It is highly discouraged to perform such tests for more than 20 minutes – this can lead to equipment failure.
In this window, you can monitor a variety of data (temperature, cooler rotation, voltage, etc.) right during the test. If during the testing with the system nothing happened, there are no critical marks, and the video card continues to work properly, the device’s performance is excellent.

Stress test with FurMark

The stress test for video card performance by FurMark (and similar) is performed by each individual user exclusively at own risk and risk. If the equipment deteriorates, no one will be held responsible for this, except for you.

In the event of a final decision to check the video card on a stress test, FurMark will cope with this perfectly. Although, this is how to look, because this program loads the video card in the course of testing, as no existing game or application (or several) can do at the moment. Therefore, during the verification of the video card, you should always be ready to turn off the check at any time and keep the equipment in working order.

The program is distributed free of charge (it is best to download from the official site), and when it starts, the following window will appear:

Running FurMark
In the drop-down list, you need to select the resolution of your screen (for stationary computers this is often 1920×1080, but it can vary), and then press the Settings button.

In the settings, you need to check the box next to Dynamicbackground and Burn-in.

Checkboxes opposite Dynamicbackground and Burn-in
It is highly recommended not to leave a tick in front of “Xtreme burn-in”. If you mark this item, then the load on the video card will be just crazy. This is not every customized computer can withstand, and even the usual and standard – even more so.

Before starting the test, be sure to close all other programs, applications, and games. So the stress test will show the best results during the test.
Further we direct the pointer on “Burn-in test” and we make a click.

Before the final start of the stress test, the program will once again remind you that the use of the test places the responsibility solely on the user. And additionally informs the list of the reasons causing unstable work of the computer during check:

incorrect settings;
lack of power supply;
poorly working video card fan.

Then click on the loud English word “GO!”:

Now your video card will begin to experience a monstrous load. And the culprit – the animated image on the center of the screen will make the video card work above its capabilities. In its center are concentrated millions of microscopic pixels, which are constantly changing.

Along the edges are graphic “hairs” imitating animal hair or human hair, for example, in games. The background also changes in waveform and makes the graphics card even more stressful.

In the case of a working device, the temperature should stop rising and gain a foothold at a certain point. Usually this temperature is within 90 degrees:

Temperature 90 degrees
More on how to see the temperature of the video card – read here.
And now it’s time for an educational campaign:

A temperature of 90 degrees is peak for any video card, but not dangerous for the equipment (if the test lasts less than 15-20 minutes).
But if the temperature has risen to 100-110 degrees, this is a critical value, and you need to immediately stop the FurMark check. If the system does not respond, use the emergency reset button on the front of the system unit or pull the plug from the outlet (be careful, avoid electric shock).

Try to do everything at the program level, because a sharp lack of power is not useful for the computer.
If you do not stop the program and allow the video card to run on critical heating, it will very soon smell fried. And literally. You will smell something burnt or burned (the probability of a breakdown of the device in this case is 90%), and the computer can reboot.

Moreover, if there is a restart during overheating, this is exceptionally good: emergency shutdowns of the computer help to save the equipment from breakage.
If the video card works stably after checking (no errors happened, there was no overheating, the “donut” on the screen moved smoothly), then your video card can only be envied. After all, its performance is beyond question.

Or your graphics adapter stops responding, and the screen blinks /
The graphics adapter stopped responding
This means that the working capacity of the device is in doubt. It did not cope with FurMark’om, which means, it’s time to think about replacing the video card or preventive maintenance.

Methods for verifying the video card for operability (part 1)

When mastering a computer, many users do not have problems with the equipment. But if the picture deteriorated over time, artifacts appeared, it is possible that the video card should be checked for operability. How you can do this, you can learn from our article. More info you can find here: electronicsrepair.site

Signs of poor performance

Before you sin on the video device, you should make sure that it is in it. It happens that everything indicates a malfunction of the graphics processor, and it was in the transmitted SATA cable. Therefore, we will deal with the main signs of malfunctions, which may indicate damage to the video card, resulting in a drop in performance:

Image on the monitor.

Artifacts are various defects: noise, lines, twitching of the screen. If this happens in the process of working on a computer, it is most likely the case in the video card. The first step is to check the device for operability, but not the fact that it will be possible to do it yourself. Sometimes, the problem can lie so deep that it can not be detected even in the service center (SC). Unfortunately, such cases are not uncommon.

Sound.

Computer hanging can be caused by almost any of its components, however, if the sound loops, this is a plus for the solution, but a minus for the video device. The fact is that if sound defects continue to be heard from the speakers / headphones, then the video card is working poorly and does not cope with its tasks in graphic display.

Any other signs.

All kinds of errors, computer hang-ups and other problems can be associated with any computer component. However, the video card is a device that is always in operation, hence, the probability of its failure is statistically higher. That directly affects the quality of the device.

Video card
Remember: when it comes to the computer, everything is relative. Even if the performance of the video card is not ideal, there are problems, this does not guarantee that its replacement will correct the general malfunction. It is not uncommon for a broken processor in a computer to last another year and even two, and the key difficulty was created by an old cooler.
If there are substantial grounds to suspect a video card of a failure, it is necessary to check it for errors and breakdowns.

Viewing a video card

The first step is to inspect the device. It is possible that you will find some malfunctions on the physical level without going into the software one. Pay attention to:

Swell condensers.

Condensers carry the functions of smoothing the electrical voltage. They absorb the charge when the energy jumps and release it during periods of idle time, when there is not enough energy. That is, they constantly overtake a certain tension through themselves. Their malfunction is only the tip of the iceberg of the reasons why the graphics card can work worse.

We are not in vain digressed into physical malfunctions, since they directly affect the performance of the graphics processor. Even one threaded device can seriously reduce the performance of the video card due to its malfunction.
If the apartment is badly wired or the electricity is often turned off / on, and there are energy jumps, check the capacitors for swelling:

Condensers for swelling
These are standard capacitors. Most often they are located on the motherboard, in the same place and come into disrepair (the motherboard interacts most with voltage, since it feeds all other devices).

But on video cards they are also present and can be called tantalum. A slightly different shape, but a bloat in the event of a breakdown will be obvious.
Another thing is solid-state and fully enclosed capacitors. Outwardly they are indistinguishable, but inside – who knows? To verify the functionality, you can use the device with a multimeter or take the video card to a service center. You should ask to check the devices for leakage or swelling.

Be aware that a comprehensive test of a video card will fly into a pretty penny, or entail a laziness of the masters: rarely will anyone want to check every millimeter of the device. Therefore, you need to contact the trusted SC with a good reputation.
Scratches.

When they are detected on the surface of the device, you must also refer the video card for verification. If an important component is damaged, it will affect its performance, and the reason may be hidden in these same scratches.

Other breakages.

There is no point in further testing the performance of the video card, if it is found cracked, cracked, etc. First you need to eliminate physical damage, but it will be much more expensive than just buying a new device.

All the actions considered must be done in order to analyze the video card. This is the first stage of verification. If there is no damage, then the device will work well (at the physical level).