With proper maintenance, the computer runs at higher performance, regardless of the hardware settings and configurations. This article describes how to maintain a computer to improve its performance and extend its life.
Software / Hard Drive
1 Clear all garbage left by browsers. To do this, use the “Disk Cleanup” utility, preinstalled in Windows, or download a similar free program, for example, CCleaner. On Linux, you can use Kleansweep or BleachBit. Cookies and caches can occupy up to gigabytes of hard drive space, so it is extremely important to remove them.
2 Locate and remove spyware and / or viruses on your computer. For this, there are many programs, for example, AVG Anti Virus. You can download antivirus and malware scanners from download.com.
3 Monthly defragment the hard drive to maintain an efficient system operation. Windows includes a utility for defragmentation, but there are third-party programs, for example, Magical Defrag, which automatically defragment the drive during its idle time.
4 Remove programs that you do not use and delete music that you do not listen to. The more free space on the hard disk, the faster it works.
5 In the Run window, type MSCONFIG. A window will open where you can exclude unused programs from the startup. This will speed up the loading and shutdown of the operating system. To exclude programs from startup, you can also use CCleaner (“Tools” – “Startup”).
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6 Use the utilities to manage the disks.
In Windows, open Computer Management, and then click Disk Management.
On Mac OS, open Applications, Utilities, and start Disk Utility.
Hardware / Processor
1 Always turn on the computer through an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to protect parts from electrical problems. The emission limit should be installed on the telephone line; in the opposite case, you run the risk of staying without a modem or network card.
2 Dust covers computer components in less than a year (depending on where the system unit is located). Open the system unit (even if you have a little dust in your house). Check the presence of dust inside the computer case every few months or more if there is a lot of dust in the environment.
Remove dust on the bottom of the cabinet with a vacuum cleaner (or cloth), then blow out the components with compressed air. Pay special attention to the radiator and cooler installed on the processor. When blowing, keep the coolers from rotating. Also blow the cooler in the power supply. When the system unit is open, turn on the computer and make sure that all coolers are working. Replace the cooler if it does not rotate or when it generates unnatural sounds (in this case, you can try to lubricate the bearing).
3 Be careful when connecting USB, Ethernet, speakers, printer, etc. If the connection is incautious, the USB and Ethernet connectors can be easily damaged (these connectors are important, and their repair will cost a lot).
4 Do not overclock the processor; in this case, he will serve a maximum term.
From time to time, turn off the computer. The computer can work without interruption (for days), but keep in mind that the longer the components are exposed to the increased temperature, the faster they wear out.
Delete only those files that you know. If you accidentally delete an important file, it can lead to serious damage to the system.
Such programs as LimeWire, BearShare, Kazaa provide great opportunities for information exchange, but they contain files containing malicious software. Beware of identity theft or important information.
Be careful when working in the “System Configuration” window (run by the msconfig command). If you do not know which program to remove from startup, do not exclude anything, since you can disable an important system process. Read more on our website: http://electronicsrepair.site/
Be careful when overclocking your computer. As mentioned above, elevated temperatures can spoil the components (especially the processor). When overclocking, take additional measures to cool the components: additional case coolers, a larger cooler and a heat sink on the processor, etc.
There are two opinions. Many people prefer to leave the computer on, since thermal expansion and compression of components with multiple turns on and off of the computer can also lead to components failure. In this case, just turn off the monitor. And set the hard disks off after one hour. After an hour, you can also put the computer into the standby mode (although sometimes this causes the computer to be locked).
If the program is not completely removed, you can delete it manually using Registry Editor (type Regedit in the Run window). Be very careful when working with the registry editor, because in it you get unlimited access to the components of the system. Use the registry editor only if you are an expert! Otherwise, incorrect removal of even one registry entry can cause serious problems.